Melanin is a pigment produced by our skin in response to UV exposure. It serves to protect our body by absorbing solar radiation. Too much sun can lead to excessive melanin in the form of sun spots or melasma.
1) The most important thing you can do is prevent further damage. Wear a broad-spectrum UVA/UVB sunscreen EVERY DAY! The damaging rays of the sun can even penetrate clouds and glass (think about your car). While in the sun, reapply sunscreen at least every 2 hours and wear a hat or other protective clothing as well.
2) Retinoids – these are derivatives of vitamin A that can lighten discoloration. They can also promote cell turnover, stimulate collagen, and reduce pore size.
3) Vitamin C – this is an antioxidant capable of fighting free radicals. This translates into the ability to slow the signs of aging by reducing UV damage and collagen breakdown.
4) Exfoliants – alpha-hydroxy acids like glycolic acid also stimulate cell turnover.
5) Lighteners – substances such as hydroquinone, kojic acid, and azelaic acid can lighten discoloration.
They keys are patience and consistency! It can take time to see a visible reduction in dark spots. It is also important to realize that ongoing results requiring ongoing maintenance treatment. We can not avoid the sun entirely and repeated exposure results in ongoing damage.
I recommend the Reverse regimen by Rodan + Fields, which delivers clinically proven results or your money back. Go to https://mpapa1.myrandf.com/shop/reverse for more info.
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